The FAQ of Wuyi Yancha(Wuyi Rock Tea)
1. What is Wuyi rock tea?
As the name implies, Wuyi rock tea grows in between the rocky cliffs of Mount Wuyi, which is known for its sheer precipices, overhanging rocks as well as gigantic valleys. The Potted Tea Plantation is realized by utilizing the rock valleys, rock cracks and constructing rock band alongside the edges. Wuyi rock tea got its name by only growing in between the rocky cliffs. Forfathers praised the Wuyi rock tea for its unique rock charm. Rock tea also pronounced Yan tea in Chinese means tea of strong flavor. It still remains one of the top ten Chinese tea.
According to the current national standard, being bred and planted in the natrual ecological invironment of Mount Wuyi, Wuyi rock tea falls into the category of Oolong tea produced with unique traditional processing techniques (shape of tea stripe) with rock charm. As a renowned tea it is under the protection of products of origin by PRC.
2. What is QiDan Dahongpao?
According to the legend, QiDan, the original name for Dahongpao, refers to tea from the six trees that look red from far away because of their purple-red gender shoots in early spring in Jiulongchao, Mount Wuyi.
Since 2007, Dahongpao tea trees in Mount Wuyi have been specially protected. It is forbidden to pluck their tea leaves to make sure they grow well; tea specialists look after them in a scientific way and detailed record of management is established; the nearby environment is strictly protected. Many years ago Chinese tea specialists started to cultivate Dahongpao trees by stem cutting propagation (asexual propagation). The tea from Jiulongchao cultivated in this way is also called QiDan Dahongpao, which is not as authentic as Dahongpao made with Qidan tea from the Wuyi Zhengyan tea producing area in the eyes of tea specialists.
3. How much market share does the purebred Dahongpao have and what about the blended one?
Purebred Dahongpao has only a small market share partly due to its small production. The main reason for that is it is hard to be accepted as purebred Dahongpao by tea masters although it is truely purebred, therefore, it is just used as common tea or blended Dahongpao. Blended Dahongpao has market share of more than 80%.
4. Which is better, the purebred Dahongpao(Big-Red-Robe) or the blended Dahongpao?
In general, the well-done purebred Dahongpao is better in taste and fragrance than the blended one and vice verse. It is not right and fair to judge merely by its origin.
5. What is Wuyi Zhengyan Tea(also called Mingyan Tea, tea of famous rock) and where does it grow?
It grows within the scenic spots of the Wuyishang City covering an area of 70 square kilometers with the east to Chongyang Stream, south to Nanxing Road, west to Gaoxing Road and north to Huangbai Stream.
6. What is Wuyi Danyan tea and where does it grow?
It grows within the oringinal Wuyi rock tea producing area except those producing Mingyan Tea.
7. What are so called "Three Pits and Two Gullies?"
It refers to Huiyuan Pit, Niulan Pit, Daoshui Pit, Liuxiang Gully and Wuyuan Gully in the old days, which are symbolic places of Zhengyan tea producing areas. These places feature steep cliffs, good environment, small streams, low temperature difference between summer and winter. The soil of Zhengyan tea producing areas is highly permeable, rich in potassium and manganese, and proper in PH value, which contribute to the tea's rock charm. Now, Zhengyan tea producing areas mainly include: Tianxin Rock, Matou Rock, Huiyuan Pit, Zhuchao, Bishi, Yanzichao, Royal Tea Garden, Yuhua Dong, Shuilian Dong, Fuoguo, Taohua Dong, Guilin, Sanyang Peak, etc. According to the national standards, these places are generally called Mingyan tea producing area or Mount Wuyi scenic reserves.
To be continued